Sec. 26-56. Definitions.


Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meanings of terms used herein shall be as follows:


BOD (denoting biochemical oxygen demand) shall mean the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five (5) days at twenty (20) degrees Celsius, expressed in milligrams per liter.


Building drain shall mean that part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of a building and conveys it to the building sewer, the building sewer beginning outside the outer wall of the building.


Building sewer shall mean the extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.


City shall mean the City of Norfolk, Nebraska.


City engineer shall mean the city engineer of the City of Norfolk, Nebraska, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.


COD (denoting chemical oxygen demand) shall mean the oxygen equivalent of that portion of organic matter in a sample that is susceptible to oxidation by a strong chemical oxidant under standard laboratory procedure, expressed in milligrams per liter.


Combined sewer shall mean a public sewer receiving both surface run-off and sewage.


EPA shall mean the United States Environmental Protection Agency, its authorized representative, or its successor agency.


Garbage shall mean solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.


Hearing board shall mean that board appointed according to provisions of section 26-64 of this article.


Industrial wastes shall mean the liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade or business, as distinct from sanitary sewage.


Natural outlet shall mean any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, or other body of surface or groundwater.


NDEQ shall mean the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality, its authorized representative, or its successor agency.


Normal domestic waste water shall mean waste water that has BOD and suspended solids concentration not exceeding those determined to be representative of residential and commercial contributors.


Oil and grease shall mean the quantity of synthetic or natural oils and greases or groups of similar compounds, such as fatty acids, soaps, fats, waxes, etc., which can be extracted by a solvent under standard laboratory procedure, expressed in milligrams per liter.


Operations and maintenance shall mean all expenditures during the useful life of the treatment works for materials, labor, utilities, and other items which are necessary for managing and maintaining the sewage works to achieve the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed.


Owner shall mean any person who, alone or jointly or severally with others, has legal title to or charge, care or control of any capacity of property.


Person shall mean any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation or group.


pH shall mean the logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.


Properly shredded garbage shall mean the wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of foods that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers with no particle greater than one-half (1/2) inch (one and twenty-seven one hundredths (1.27) centimeters) in any dimension.


Property shall mean any piece or portion of real estate, including all buildings and structures located thereon, having a sewer or drainage system which immediately or remotely discharges into a public sewer, natural outlet, or both.


Public sewer shall mean a sewer which is controlled by public authority.


Replacement shall mean expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary during the useful life of the treatment works to maintain the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed. The term "operation and maintenance" includes replacement.


Residence shall mean property, or that portion of property, used exclusively as a dwelling or living quarters by one or more natural persons.


Residential contributor shall mean any contributor to the city's treatment works whose lot, parcel of real estate, or building is used for domestic dwelling purposes only.


Sanitary sewer shall mean a public sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface and groundwaters are not intentionally admitted.


Sewage shall mean a combination of the water-carried wastes from property, together with such ground, surface and stormwaters as may be present.


Sewage treatment plant shall mean any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.


Sewage works shall mean all facilities for collecting, pumping, treating and disposing of sewage.


Sewer shall mean a pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.


Shall is mandatory; may is permissive.


Slug shall mean any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which, in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow, exceeds for any period of duration longer than fifteen (15) minutes more than five (5) times the average twenty-four-hour concentration or flow during normal operation.


Storm sewer shall mean a public sewer which carries storm and surface waters and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.


Suspended solids shall mean solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in, water, wastewater, or other liquids and which are removable by a laboratory filtration device under standard laboratory procedure, expressed in milligrams per liter.


Treatment works shall mean any devices and systems for the storage, treatment, recycling and reclamation of municipal sewage, domestic sewage or liquid industrial wastes. These include intercepting sewers, outfall sewers, sewage collection systems, individual systems, pumping, power and other equipment and their appurtenances; extensions, improvements, remodeling, additions and alterations thereof; elements essential to provide a reliable recycled supply such as standby treatment units and clear well facilities; and any works, including site acquisition of the land, which will be an integral part of the treatment process or are used for ultimate disposal of residues resulting from such treatment (including land for composting sludge, temporary storage of such compost, and land used for the storage of treated waste water in land treatment systems before land application); or any other method or system for preventing, abating, reducing, storing, treating, separating or disposing of municipal waste or industrial waste, including waste in combined stormwater and sanitary sewer systems.


Useful life shall mean the estimated period during which a treatment works will be operated.


User charge shall mean that portion of the total waste water service charge which is levied in a proportional and adequate manner for the cost of operation, maintenance and replacement of the waste water treatment works.


Water meter shall mean a water volume measuring and recording device, furnished and/or installed by a user and approved by the City of Norfolk.


Watercourse shall mean a channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.


Source:  Ord. No. 3014, 12, 10-5-81; Ord. No. 3587, 1, 9-6-88; Ord. No. 5563, 48, 8-20-18; Ord. No. 5624, 4, 8-5-19;